They can survive deep water flow. It is a Cicatrisant or Vulnerary (contains a property that speeds up the disappearance of scars and other marks from the skin, and promotes the growth of new tissues in the affected places). Another advantage is that vetiver padding does not catch fire as easily as dry wood shavings. Do not copy, reprint or retransmit without permission. Vetiver has favourable qualities for animal feed. The vetiver bunch grass has a gregarious habit and grows in tufts. [17] Vetiver processing was introduced to Haiti in the 1940s by Frenchman Lucien Ganot. It absorbs dissolved nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, and is tolerant to, It is tolerant to temperatures from −15 °C (5 °F) to 55 °C (131 °F), depending on growing region. www.wikipedian.net Andropogon muricatus Andropogon muricatus. « Want Healthy Hair? View our, Author: L.J. The two types of oils, laevorotatory and dextrorotatory, from northern India … Sandy loam nursery beds ensure easy harvest and minimal damage to plant crowns and roots. Pt. Wenn Sie Schläfrigkeit, Schwindel, Hypotonie oder Kopfschmerzen als Nebenwirkungen spüren, wenn Sie Andropogon Muricatus Medikament einnehmen, dann wird es vielleicht nicht sicher sein, ein Fahrzeug … The optimal soil temperature for root growth is 25 °C (77 °F). Root. The plant helps to stabilise soil and protects it against erosion, but it can also protect fields against pests and weeds. [4] The spikelets are in pairs, and there are three stamens. The odour and uses of Vetiver Essential Oil Odour=> sweet rooty balsam woody amber rich exotic woody rooty earthy vetiver smoky earthy-woody odour Perfume-Uses=> Oriental Amber Chypre Fixer Chypre … Only in Malaysia, whiteflies seem to be a problem. [3], In West African regions, such as Mali and Senegal, vetiver roots were traditionally used to reduce bacteria proliferation in water jugs and jars. The most commonly used commercial genotypes of vetiver are sterile (do not produce fertile seeds), and because vetiver propagates itself by small offsets instead of underground stolons, these genotypes are noninvasive and can easily be controlled by cultivation of the soil at the boundary of the hedge. [3], Vetiver mulch increases water infiltration and reduces evaporation, thus protecting soil moisture under hot and dry conditions. (L.J. The roots possess antifungal, cooling, diaphoretic, … The major vetiver producers include Haiti, India, Indonesia, and Réunion. [citation needed], A recent study found the plant is capable of growing in fuel-contaminated soil. The mulch also protects against splash erosion. It has excellent fixative properties and that is why it is cultivated for use in perfume. From the roots, oil is extracted and used for cosmetics, aromatherapy, herbal skincare and ayurvedic soap. (0) Vetiver is one of the most studied plants for commercial and economic benefits. [8], Several aspects of vetiver make it an excellent erosion control plant in warmer climates. Prevent Hair Loss & Grow Your Hair. This native plant grows up to 2 meters. Botanical Name: Andropogon muricatus. Type of Extract: Botanical Extract Powder. All Rights Reserved. To control termites that attack dead material, hexachlorobenzene, also known as benzene hexachloride-BCH, can be applied to the vetiver hedge. Vetiver extracts can repel termites. The root is used to make medicine. From the roots, oil is extracted and used for cosmetics, aromatherapy, herbal skincare and ayurvedic soap. [23], Vetiver grass is used as roof thatch (it lasts longer than other materials) and in mud brick-making for housing construction (such bricks have lower thermal conductivity). It has an earthy, woody, yet sweet-smelling scent that is widely used in perfumes, cosmetics and scented soaps suitable for men and women. Pest management is done by using insecticides and by appropriate cultural management: hedges are cut to 3 cm above ground at the end of the growing season. Vetiver is planted in long, straight rows across the slope for easy mechanical harvesting. Its odor is described as deep, sweet, woody, smoky, earthy, amber and balsam. Though it originates in India, C. zizanioides is widely cultivated in tropical regions. [3] Further, vetiver is affected by Didymella andropogonis on leaves, Didymosphaeria andropogonis on dead culms, Lulworthia medusa on culms and Ophiosphaerella herpotricha. More mature plants prefer flood irrigation. Its botanical name is Vetiveria zizanoides or Andropogon muricatus and the dried grass and its roots are often used to thatch the side panels of water-based room and window coolers because it cools and … is also a. Khus syrup does not need to be refrigerated, although khus flavored products may need to be.[15]. … It also acts as a diuretic and hence, increases the volume of urine passing out of the body. In the Indian Subcontinent, khus (vetiver roots) is often used to replace the straw or wood shaving pads in evaporative coolers. Externally it is used in a variety of ways. Usheera – Andropogon muricatus – Khas Khas Grass – 50 mg – It is useful in blood disorders. More commonly called in English, Vetiver, Khas-Khas, and Khus-Khus. have been recognised, but they seem to die once they get into the stems. It’s not only the scented oil that makes Andropogon muricatus special, but the plant is known to provide other remarkable external curative properties. The mats are typically hung in a doorway and kept moist by spraying with water periodically; they cool the passing air, as well as emitting a fresh aroma. Vetiver oil or khus oil is a complex oil, containing over 100 identified components, typically:[citation needed], Structure of α-vetivone, the main fragrant component of the oil of vetiver, Structure of khusimol, another fragrant component of the oil of vetiver, Structure of β-vetivone, another fragrant component of the oil of vetiver, The oil is amber brown and viscous. You should consult your physician before taking any medication. In perfumery, the older French spelling, vetyver, is often used. Leaf-sheaths compressed, particularly the lower which are sharply keeled and fan-like imbricate, very smooth, firm; … | Do not copy or reprint this article without the consent of the author. Rasna – Vanda roxburghii – 250 mg – It has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. [2] The stems are tall and the leaves are long, thin, and rather rigid. is also a Lustrous Henna® user.). Vetiver (Tamil வெட்டிவேர்) grows to 150 centimetres (5 ft) high and forms clumps as wide. [9] In the Philippines and India, the roots are woven to make fragrant-smelling fans called "sandal root fans". The Fragrance Industry- Profiles c. 2007 by Glen O. Brechbill, © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 3/2001, Narong Chomchalow, "The Utilization of Vetiver as Medicinal and Aromatic Plants with Special Reference to Thailand", Office of the Royal Development Projects Board, Bangkok, Thailand Karl-Georg Fahlbusch, Franz-Josef Hammerschmidt, Johannes Panten, Wilhelm Pickenhagen, Dietmar Schatkowski, Kurt Bauer, Dorothea Garbe, Horst Surburg "Flavors and Fragrances" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim: 2002. The oil blends well with other oils like Lavender, Lemongrass, Ginger, Frankincense, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Sandalwood, Vanilla, Spikenard, Ylang Ylang, Rose and Patchouli. It’s also reputed to be an anti-inflammatory, anti-septic, tonic and more. ================================================================. [9], Vetiver can be used for crop protection. It has an earthy, woody, yet sweet-smelling scent that is widely used … Vetiver has neither stolons nor rhizomes. However, care must be taken, because fertile genotypes of vetiver have become invasive. Moras, Andropogon zizanioides, VETIVER, Yan lan cao - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses … To avoid damaging the plant crown, a single-blade mouldboard plough or a disc plough with special adjustment is used. SHARING OUR SECRET, SHARING OUR JOY and SPREADING OUR LOVE. [4] The panicles are 15 centimetres (6 in) to 30 centimetres (12 in) long and have whorled, 25 millimetres (1 in) to 50 millimetres (2 in) long branches. View our Testimonial Page. [12][13] However, vetiver grass alone, unlike its extracts, cannot be used to repel termites. Main The aqueous-methanolic crude extract of Andropogon muricatus (Am.Cr) was investigated pharmacologically to determine some of its medicinal uses in cardiovascular and gastrointestinal … The essential oil of the Andropogon muricatus root system has been used in in perfumes used by royalty. In the United States the cultivar is named 'Sunshine,' after the town of Sunshine, Louisiana. Want to read what other customers have to say? Part Used: Roots. The stem decoction is helpful for the infections on the urinary tract. Unless the roots are damaged, the anti-termite chemicals, such as nootkatone, are not released.[14]. Mats made by weaving vetiver roots and binding them with ropes or cords are used in India to cool rooms in a house during summer. Under favorable conditions, the erect culms can reach 3m in height. Moscow–Saint Petersburg high-speed railway, Carrier aircraft used during World War II. Shoots growing from the underground crown make the plant frost and wildfire resistant, and allow it to survive heavy grazing pressure. Another major operation in the field is the one owned by the Boucard family. |, The essential oil of the Andropogon muricatus root system has been used in in perfumes used by royalty. It attracts the stem borer (Chilo partellus), which lays its eggs preferentially on vetiver but whose larvae cannot thrive there, as the plant's hairiness prevents their moving onto the leaves, so that they instead fall to the ground and die. Tarla Dalal "Khus Syrup Glossary" in Tarladalal.com, India's #1 Food Site, 2012. The aqueous-methanolic crude extract of Andropogon muricatus (Am.Cr) was investigated pharmacologically to determine some of its medicinal uses in cardiovascular and gastrointestinal … Vetiver has been used to stabilize railway cuttings/embankments in geologically challenging situations in an attempt to prevent mudslides and rockfalls, such as the Konkan railway in western India. The best quality oil is obtained from 18- to 24-month-old roots. *Even though our herbal ingredients have been used in natural medicine for centuries, we must add the following disclaimer:  The  herbs, formulas, and recipes contained within this web site are not  to be considered substitutes for proper medical and health care. The leaves can become up to 300 centimetres (10 ft) long and 8 millimetres (0.3 in) wide. As with any other medicine, if you are sick, you should consult a physician to find out if the herbal preparations listed here are right for you. Brown spot seems to have no effect on vetiver growth. When the mulch breaks down, soil organic matter is built up and additional crop nutrients become available. In addition, the study discovered the plant is also able to clean the soil, so in the end, it is almost fuel-free. andropogon muricatus synonyms and antonyms in the French synonyms dictionary, see also 'androgyne',androgénie',androgynie',androgenèse', definition. The root system of vetiver is finely structured and very strong. Andropogon muricatus or Vetiver is commonly called the “oil of tranquility”. It is used for its antiseptic properties to treat acne and sores. Pt. Prevent Hair Loss & Grow Your Hair. September 2001, Pacific Rim Vetiver Network Technical Bulletin No. It has an earthy, musty smell - much like the smell of a damp forest floor and is amber to olive in color. [3] Under most climates, nutritional values and yields are best if vetiver is cut every 1–3 months. It has a woody taste and a scent characteristic of khus. This use of the drug appears to have been popular with the ancients. Vetiver is most closely related to Sorghum but shares many morphological characteristics with other fragrant grasses, such as lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), citronella (Cymbopogon nardus, C. winterianus), and palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii). … [25] A modified seedling planter or mechanical transplanter can plant large numbers of vetiver slips in the nursery. Vetiver essential oil is actually made from vetiver grass, which is often used in construction and that region. It has an earthy, woody, yet sweet-smelling scent that is widely used in perfumes, cosmetics and … The close-growing culms help to block surface water runoff . Vetiver in Tamil means Cut Root. It's roots are mainly used … Cosmetics alone are not sufficient to take care of skin and others body … Before distillation, the roots are chopped and soaked in water. Vetiver is a more common ingredient in fragrances for men; some notable examples include Dior's Eau Sauvage, Guerlain Vétiver, M. Vétiver by Une Nuit à Bali, Zizan by Ormonde Jayne and Vétiver by L'Occitane en Provence. [4] In general, vetiver is tolerant to herbicides and pesticides. In north India, oil is distilled from wild-growing vetiver. The Latin names are Andropogon muricatus, Anatherum zizaniodes, Chrysopogon zizanioides (Ushira)  and Vetiveria zizanioides. Flowering and nonflowering varieties are used for cultivation. It builds a barrier in the form of a thick mat. The nutritional content depends on season, growth stage and soil fertility. Its fibrous properties make it useful for handicrafts, ropes and more. Usheer (Andropogon muricatus) This ayurvedic medicine has a soothing effect on the urethral stricture. The paste made from roots is used to treat rheumatism, headache and sprains. Worldwide production is estimated at about 250 tons per annum. The plant known as the Vetiveria zizanoides or Andropogon muricatus is a kind of grassy plant that emits a earthy and musky scent. Andropogon muricatus Retz. Dogs trained to track the scent, not native to Africa, found the marked mosquitoes in such places as holes in trees and in old termite mounds.[24]. In isolated guinea‐pig tracheal strips, the crude extract of Andropogon muricatus … It slows the water flow and increases the amount absorbed by the soil (infiltration). 2001/1. Like a bouquet garni, the bundle lends distinctive flavor and aroma to the water. Usheer also … There are two different species of plant that are used to make essential oils: Vetiveria Zizanoides and Andropogon Muricatus. Mature vetiver, however, thrives under waterlogged conditions. Vetiver oil has been used in an effort to track where mosquitoes live during dry seasons in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some women take vetiver to start their periods or to cause an abortion. | Save to del.icio.us Overhead irrigation is recommended for the first few months after planting. The herbal extracts, as a whole or part, have been used for various ailments of the skin, hair, and dental care for overall appearance. The distillation process can take up to 24 hours. 2 of 2 | The plant stems are erect and stiff. A machine uproots the mature stock 20 centimetres (8 in) to 25 centimetres (10 in) below ground. *Cuscus grass-Ramacham-Andropogon muricatus powder-Vetiver Vetiver is a grass and it's name is derived from Tamil name "Vettiver". Ushira – Andropogon muricatus – 250 mg – Heals wound quickly and useful in skin diseases. 1 ». Its valuable roots grow in a downward manner to a depth of 2-4 meters. Andropogon muricatus is a aromatic grass plant that grows in India. The oil distilled in Haiti and Réunion has a more floral quality and is considered of higher quality than the smokier oil from Java. [1] Archived 2013-09-18 at the. The plant also penetrates and loosens compacted soils.[3]. The plant helps to stabilise soil and protects it against erosion, but it can also protect fields against pests and weeds. The syrup is used to flavor milkshakes and yogurt drinks like lassi, but can be used in ice creams, mixed beverages such as Shirley Temples and as a dessert topping. These data indicate that the crude extract of Andropogon muricatus contains constituent(s) that mediate the tracheal relaxant effect, possibly through dual inhibition of Ca++ channels and phosphodiesterase … Vetiver has favourable qualities for animal feed. Stick to an Easy Hair Care Routine. It is also made into strings and ropes, and grown as an ornamental plant (for the light purple flowers).[3]. The oil has a cooling effect when applied to the beard or … The United States, Europe, India, and Japan are the main consumers. Pt. Medicinal uses of Andropogon muricatus (Khus-Khus-Vetiver) The root decoction of Vetiveria zizanioides is taken internally for nervous and circulatory problems, and externally as an all around tonic bath, to … A flat site is acceptable, but watering must be monitored to avoid waterlogging, which stunts the growth of young plants. © Copyright 2010-2015. In fact, it is one of the botanical ingredients in, It’s not only the scented oil that makes Andropogon muricatus special, but the plant is known to provide other remarkable, Want to read what other customers have to say? Culms stout, up to over 6 ft. high, usually sheathed all along. The leaves of vetiver are a useful byproduct to feed cattle, goats, sheep and horses. The essential oil, extracted from its roots, delivers numerous health benefits, well-known throughout India. Rhizome aromatic. [citation needed]. As a mulch, vetiver is used for weed control in coffee, cocoa and tea plantations. Andropogon (common names: beard grass, bluestem grass, broomsedge) is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family, native to much of Asia, Africa, and the Americas as well as southern Europe and various oceanic islands. In case of sediment deposition, new roots can grow out of buried nodes. All Rights Reserved. A paste of the root is rubbed on the skin to relieve oppressive heat or burning of the body. Total production increased in ten years from 20 to 60 tonnes annually, making it the largest producer in the world. Andropogon festucoides J.Presl. The flowers are brownish-purple. O'Neal. The essential oil of the Andropogon muricatus root system has been used in in perfumes used by royalty. Saba Botanical does not make any medical claims nor  warranties regarding the use of the products listed on this site. Common Name: Khas. After the distillate separates into the essential oil and hydrosol, the oil is skimmed off and allowed to age for a few months to allow some undesirable notes formed during distillation to dissipate. It is the topic of much literature, including a 37-page examination … Vetiver grass is grown for many purposes. ynet.co.il The plant that cleans the ground (in Hebrew). Black rust in India is vetiver-specific and does not cross-infect other plants. Selected articles copyrighted by L.J. People take vetiver for nerve and circulation problems and for stomach pain. Shalmali – Silk Cotton – Bombax malabaricum – 20 mg Manjista – Indian Madder – Rubia … Because of all these characteristics, the vetiver plant is highly drought-tolerant and can help to protect soil against sheet erosion. Stick to an Easy Hair Care Routine. Khus-scented syrups are also sold. A cheaper alternative is to add vetiver cooler perfume or even pure khus attar to the tank. Unlike most grasses, which form horizontally spreading, mat-like root systems, vetiver's roots grow downward, 2 metres (7 ft) to 4 metres (13 ft) in depth.[3]. It is rarely found in commerce outside of India, as most of it is consumed within the country. Indonesia, China, and Haiti are major producers. Andropogon squarrosus L.f. Andropogon zizanioides (L.) Urb. Khus essence is a dark green thick syrup made from the roots. Khus syrup is made by adding khus essence to sugar, water and citric acid syrup. Open space is recommended, because shading slows growth. It can grow 3 metres (10 ft) to 4 metres (13 ft) deep within the first year. Vetiver's roots grow almost exclusively downward, 2 metres (7 ft) to 4 metres (13 ft), which is deeper than some tree roots. Weed control may be needed during establishment phase, by using atrazine after planting.[4]. The oil's characteristics can vary significantly depending on where the grass is grown and the climate and soil conditions. [4] When cool water runs for months over wood shavings in evaporative cooler padding, they tend to accumulate algae, bacteria and other microorganisms. Saba Botanical of USA. O'Neal, writer and researcher. Vetiver is mainly cultivated for the fragrant essential oil distilled from its roots. The soil should be wet. | | Digg This The roots are dug up, cleaned, and then dried. This oil is known as khus or khas, and in India is considered superior to the oil obtained from the cultivated variety. (L.J. In Cuddalore, farmers grow 1,000 acres (400 ha) of vetiver for oil extraction with help of marudhamalai groups. *For more information:  Wikipedia and Vetiver.org. Holcus zizanioides (L.) Kuntze ex … Mosquitoes were tagged with strings soaked in vetiver oil then released. In fact, it is one of the botanical ingredients in Lustrous Henna® Shampoo Powder by Saba Botanical of USA. Slightly sloping land avoids waterlogging in case of overwatering. Vettiver is native to India and both it's leaves and roots have wonderful uses. [18] In 1958, Franck Léger established a plant on the grounds of his father Demetrius Léger's alcohol distillery. 1 », Indian Gooseberry –An Ancient Remedy for Hair Loss Prevention, Five Benefits of Using Indigo Leaf Powder for Hair, Methi (Fenugreek) -Powerful Ancient Seeds for Hair, Three Tips to Prevent Your Hair from Tangling, Five Toxic Chemicals Found in Conventional Hair Dye. Pt. It is contained in 90% of western perfumes. Andropogon muricatum Retz. [6], Vetiver grass is grown for many purposes. | Have Healthy Oils in Your Kitchen & Bath? Chrysopogon zizanioides, commonly known as vetiver, is a perennial bunchgrass of the family Poaceae, native to Tamil nadu, India. Before you run out and buy up all the Vetiver you can, please read the following disclaimer: Please note, the International Federation of Aromatherapists do not recommend that Essential Oils be taken internally unless under the supervision of a Medical Doctor who is also qualified in clinical Aromatherapy. Réunion is considered to produce the highest quality vetiver oil, called "bourbon vetiver", with the next favorable being Haiti and then Java. In China, stemborers (Chilo spp.) This causes the cooler to emit a fishy or seaweed smell. Old Tamil literature mentions the use of vetiver for medical purposes. Author: L.J. [7], Vetiver has been used to produce perfumes, creams and soaps. The plant was taken over in 1984 by Franck's son, Pierre Léger, who expanded the size of the plant to 44 atmospheric stills, each built to handle one metric ton of vetiver roots. No matter how natural a product is, it may have a potential of causing side effects and allergic reaction on certain individuals. Like patchouli and sandalwood essential oils, vetiver's odor develops and improves with aging. Several sesquiterpenoids, including vetidiol, are also present. Trenches are 15 centimetres (6 in) to 20 centimetres (8 in) deep. Chrysopogon zizanioides, commonly known as vetiver, is a perennial bunchgrass of the family Poaceae, native to Tamil nadu, India.Vetiver in Tamil means Cut Root.. Vetiver is most closely related to … Vetiver root padding counteracts this odor. It is a favourite offering to Ganesha. [16] Vetiver is used widely in perfumes for its excellent fixative properties. 2 of 2, Have Healthy Oils in Your Kitchen & Bath? O'Neal, writer and researcher. Harvest of mature plants is performed mechanically or manually. Vetiver Essential Oil Research, Facts, and Studies. In Indonesia, the roots of vetiver are widely used in the production of fragrant mats. Its medicinal and deeply relaxing properties are used in Aromatherapy. [5], Almost all vetiver grown worldwide is vegetatively propagated; bioengineering has shown them as essentially the same nonfertile cultigen by DNA profiling. It has an earthy, woody, yet sweet-smelling scent that is widely used in perfumes, cosmetics and scented soaps suitable for men and women. Do not copy, reprint or retransmit without permission of author. Posted on 02/25/2011 in Ayurveda, Ayurvedic, Body care, Current Affairs, Face, neck, skin, Hair Grow, Hair Growth, Natural Hair Care | Permalink, Reblog The present work was carried out to provide a pharmacological base for the medicinal use of Andropogon muricatus in airways disorders, such as asthma. Its fibrous properties make it useful for handicrafts, ropes and more. Under clear water, the plant can survive up to two months. [22], In the hot summer months in India, sometimes a muslin sachet of vetiver roots is tossed into the earthen pot that keeps a household's drinking water cool. Published online: 15 January 2003; doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_141. The roots bind to the soil, therefore it can not dislodge. [10], Vetiver's essential oil has anti-fungal properties against Rhizoctonia solani.[11]. [20], Vetiver has been used in traditional medicine in South Asia (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand), and West Africa.[21]. « Want Healthy Hair? The Vetiver system, a technology of soil conservation and water quality management, is based on the use of the vetiver plant. Garlands made of vetiver grass are used to adorn the murti of Lord Nataraja (Shiva) in Hindu temples. Major constituents of the essential oil are vetiselinenol and khusimol. It can withstand water velocity up to 5 metres per second (16 ft/s). Understand andropogon muricatus … [19] The plant extracts vetiver oil by steam distillation. [3] This makes vetiver an excellent stabilizing hedge for stream banks, terraces and rice paddies, and protects soil from sheet erosion. Andropogon muricatus (Vetiver) Benefits Scalp & Body The essential oil of the Andropogon muricatus root system has been used in in perfumes used by royalty. © Copyright 2010-2015. Vetiver (khus) is also used as a flavoring agent, usually as khus syrup. Action / Uses: Used to cure irritated skin and allergies.