}] He does not like the people who smoke. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448840' }}, userSync: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654153' }}, var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_3', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [300, 250] }}, A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; it merely complements a sentence's main clause, thereby adding to the whole unit of meaning. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, "login": { var pbTabletSlots = [ 'max': 36, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, She loves her husband, who never tells a lie. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654152' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Adverbial subordinate clauses are a combination of words that act like an adverb. {code: 'ad_contentslot_3', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, pbjsCfg = { 'max': 3, For example: He said we should go home. When you attach a subordinate clause in front of a main clause, use a comma: Subordinate Clause +, + Main Clause. The Adverbial Clause. The chicken laid eggs, sitting happily. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Adverb clause of place: Eg: wherever you find a factory, there will be a lot of workers. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 250] }}, Here is an example of a subordinate clause acting as an adjective: She admitted it was impossible. One type of subordinate clause is the conditional clause. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); 'min': 0, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); Subordinate clause. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, To maintain its second position, the verb in the main clause comes before the subject. 1. The subject is understood by the information in the main clause. (One clause sentence) When I came here, I saw him. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Types of subordinate clause constructions: Common subordinate clauses are the most used subordinate clauses and have the following characteristics: Ich wusste nicht, dass du so klug bistI didn’t know that you were so smart. {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, Clauses are mainly of two types: Independent Clause; Dependent Clause ; Independent Clause. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_flex' }}, There are as many clauses in a sentence as there are Finite Verbs. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [320, 100] }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = ex-mcp"); Basically, the subordinate clauses begin with the words because, since and although. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, Here are examples of dependent clauses that are noun clauses: Why she said that; Whomever you like; How they would get there; Who let the cat out of the bag; What she anticipated; Whatever makes you happy; That you are listening; Whether he can drive that far; If the dress is on sale; Whoever shows up on time Dependent Clauses in Sentences. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654198' }}, Dependent clauses or (subordinate clause) are different from independent clauses. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_3', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A subordinate conjunction joins two ideas or clauses in a sentence. 'min': 8.50, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = ex"); Let’s see some of the examples to understand the noun subordinate clause in a better way. It modifies (add information to) a verb (action) of the main clause in terms of ‘time, frequency (i.e. Before moving ahead to frame the sentences, you must be aware of the primary function of the embedded clause. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'cap': true A subordinate clause is often introduced by a subordinating conjunction, like the highlighted words in these examples. Basically, the subordinate clauses begin with the words because, since and although. 'cap': true var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The subject of this clause is the fast, red squirrel and the verb is 'darted'. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Learn more. Adverb clause of place: Eg: wherever you find a factory, there will be a lot of workers. Identifying Clauses. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Hast Du die Lampe, die du gestern gesehen hast, gekauft? Subordinate Clauses. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, The clause that begins with the subordinate conjunction is the subordinate clause. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448837' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Adverbial subordinate clauses are a combination of words that act like an adverb. type: "cookie", googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/subordinate-clause"); Examples of Subordinate Clauses in Sentences. Joshua’s parents were thrilled when he got a part in the school play, although the part was small. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, 'increment': 0.5, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "ex"); 'buckets': [{ Knowledge Of The Primary Function Of Embedded Clause. A subordinate clause which acts as an adverb in a sentence is called an Adverb Clause. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448840' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 250] }}, },{ {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, The subject that is omitted from the subordinate clause can be either the main clause’s subject or its direct/indirect object or another that is understood to be there. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, 2. dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, "The clause of which the subordinate clause is a constituent, such as Mary wondered whether Bill would leave in (17a), is referred to as the higher clause or the matrix clause. 'She went straight home after school because she needed an early tea.' { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, if(pl_p) Clauses are a bunch words put together, containing a subject (a thing or person that's being talked about, such as 'the table' or 'the lady') and a verb (a word that describes doing, for example 'jumped' or 'walked' or 'danced'). bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776146', position: 'btf' }}, It should be emphasized that the subordinate clause now occupies the first position in the sentence, which makes the subject move to the 3rd position so that the verb stays in the second position. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, German subordinate clauses, also known as dependent clauses, are building blocks of a compound sentences. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971071', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }, Examples I saw a man who was crying. Even though the broccoli was covered in cheddar cheese, Emily refused to eat it. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776146', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, "loggedIn": false {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, This subordinate clause acts exactly like the noun in a sentence. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, If a clause in your sentence leaves us hanging like this when set apart on its own, it is a subordinate clause. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776148', position: 'btf' }}, Subordinate clause is divided into the following groups according to the meaning it adds to the clause in itself: time, place, situation, cause, comparison, purpose, condition, contrast, privileged contrast, result, quantity, exception. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, One of the two clauses would still be a subordinate clause while the other would be the main clause. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [300, 250] }}, 4 | Subordinate clause examples. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448840' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971073', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971071', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_mobile_flex' }}, subordinate clause definition: 1. in grammar, a clause that cannot form a sentence on its own but can be joined to a main clause…. {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, The professor asked many questions but no one could answer. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, If it rains, close all the windows. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/example/english/subordinate-clause"); In the above example, the whole subordinate clause is considered to be at the first position. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448836' }}, Find out more in this Bitesize Primary KS2 English guide. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Sitting happily, the chicken laid eggs. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [336, 280] }}, (Two clause sentence) When I came here, I saw him, and he greeted me. Common subordinate clauses are the most used subordinate clauses and have the following characteristics: 1. Example from the Hansard archive. }, Here are some examples of sentences with subordinating clauses (take note of the italicized words): After the dog ran, his owner waited for him with anticipation. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, It helps to relate the subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. To maintain its second position, the verb in the main clause comes before the subject. This page from Grammar Bytes has a good list of examples with explanations as to why they are subordinate clauses, stating: “A subordinate clause cannot stand alone as a sentence because it does not provide a complete thought. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "ex-mcp"); As we stated previously, the typical structure of a subordinate clause is: COMPLEX SENTENCE= MAIN CLAUSE + SUBORDINATE CLAUSE, ich weiß nicht, ob er mich liebtI don’t know if he loves me. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Another type of sentence is called a compound sentence. The only difference is that if it goes at the beginning, you need a comma after the subordinate clause, and if goes later, you don’t need a comma. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Subordinate clauses from the "Konjunktiv I" without dass, Subordinate clauses without a conjunction, They have a common subordinate conjunction, The conjugated verb is placed at the end of a the clause. Main clauses don't always have to come before subordinate clauses in sentences. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, So when sentences start with German subordinate clauses, the verb is the very first word after the comma. enableSendAllBids: false, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448842' }}, }; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Together with a main clause, a subordinate clause forms part of a complex sentence. Infinitive subordinate clauses are characterized by not having a subject. },{ priceGranularity: customGranularity, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, Adverb clause of cause: Eg: I always get high marks because I study hard. German subordinate clauses, also known as dependent clauses, are building blocks of a compound sentences.